第二十期 在Android中修改GPS定位数据的完整方案《手机就是开发板》

        现在很多的应用都是基于位置服务的,而且把位置服务作为重要的参考标准,其实这是很不安全的,位置信息的数据未经过任何加密,而且是从我们的手机中发送出去的,所以是可以修改的。这一期我们来探讨一下如何修改手机中的定位信息。太基础的原理我就不多说了,可以参考前几期文章。
        先整理一下思路,Android在开发者模式下有一个"允许模拟位置选项",它是location service加载 MOCK location provider 实现的,通过这种线程注入的方式修改GPS信息是hacker们最喜欢的方式,但现在很多应用已经可以检测到这种注入方式而被屏蔽掉,也就是说如果我们只在APP层面上想解决方法总是有被检测出来的可能。那我们就得把问题往深了想,通过修改最底层的GPS数据来欺骗APP,在Framework层面上没有任何修改迹象,这样基于APP层面的检测机制就拿我们没有任何办法。
        思路确定后我们来探讨实践路线,首先我们要建立一个管道,让我们想要定位的GPS数据提交到Android操作系统的最底层,也就是Linux Kernel层面;然后我们要修改 GPS的 location report 机制,让它从内核中提取到我们的数据,然后逐层上报到APP层。有点明修栈道暗度陈仓的感觉。
        总体来说分成两部实现:1.建立到系统内核的数据管道;2.修改GPS上报机制。
        这次实验使用的是闲置的小米3W手机,编译源码采用CyanogenMod-13,具体的编译环境搭建和编译方法请参考前几期文章。
        因为Android系统从内核态到APP层要经过很多的层次,所以对于建立数据管道的步骤比较繁琐,我这里分成了5个步骤,对应5个层面来实现,每一步分别对应Android的 Kernel driver,HAL,JNI,Framework,Application。所有的代码我都已上传github中https://github.com/aggresss/PHDemo/  这一期的代码在VirtualPosition 目录下。
下面描述一下实践步骤:
=============分割线1==============
第一步,修改Kernel driver
进入 kernel/xiaomi/cancro/drivers 目录下,新建vp.h文件
#ifndef _VP_ANDROID_H_  
#define _VP_ANDROID_H_  
  
#include <linux/cdev.h>  
#include <linux/semaphore.h>  
  
#define VP_DEVICE_NODE_NAME  "vp"  
#define VP_DEVICE_FILE_NAME  "vp"  
#define VP_DEVICE_PROC_NAME  "vp"  
#define VP_DEVICE_CLASS_NAME "vp"  
  
typedef struct {
    int toggle;
    double virtual_latitude;
    double virtual_longitude;
} VirtualPosition;




struct vp_android_dev {  
    int lamp;
    VirtualPosition val;
    struct semaphore sem;  
    struct cdev dev;  
};    
#endif  
新建vp.c文件
/*******************************************
*include file and define functions
*******************************************/
#include <linux/init.h>  
#include <linux/module.h>  
#include <linux/types.h>  
#include <linux/fs.h>  
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>  
#include <linux/device.h>  
#include <asm/uaccess.h>  
  
#include "vp.h"  
  
/*主设备和从设备号变量*/  
static int vp_major = 0;  
static int vp_minor = 0;  
  
/*设备类别和设备变量*/  
static struct class* vp_class = NULL;  
static struct vp_android_dev* vp_dev = NULL;  
  
/*传统的设备文件操作方法*/  
static int vp_open(struct inode* inode, struct file* filp);  
static int vp_release(struct inode* inode, struct file* filp);  
static ssize_t vp_read(struct file* filp, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t* f_pos);  
static ssize_t vp_write(struct file* filp, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t* f_pos);  
  
/*设备文件操作方法表*/  
static struct file_operations vp_fops = {  
    .owner = THIS_MODULE,  
    .open = vp_open,  
    .release = vp_release,  
    .read = vp_read,  
    .write = vp_write,   
};  
  
/*访问设置属性方法*/  
static ssize_t vp_lamp_show(struct device* dev, struct device_attribute* attr,  char* buf);  
static ssize_t vp_lamp_store(struct device* dev, struct device_attribute* attr, const char* buf, size_t count);  
  
/*定义设备属性*/  
static DEVICE_ATTR(val, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR, vp_lamp_show, vp_lamp_store);


/*******************************************
*define traditional file access 
*******************************************/
/*打开设备方法*/  
static int vp_open(struct inode* inode, struct file* filp) {  
    struct vp_android_dev* dev;          
      
    /*将自定义设备结构体保存在文件指针的私有数据域中,以便访问设备时拿来用*/  
    dev = container_of(inode->i_cdev, struct vp_android_dev, dev);  
    filp->private_data = dev;  
      
    return 0;  
}  
  
/*设备文件释放时调用,空实现*/  
static int vp_release(struct inode* inode, struct file* filp) {  
    return 0;  
}  
  
/*读取设备的寄存器val的值*/  
static ssize_t vp_read(struct file* filp, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t* f_pos) {  
    ssize_t err = 0;  
    struct vp_android_dev* dev = filp->private_data;          
  
    /*同步访问*/  
    if(down_interruptible(&(dev->sem))) {  
        return -ERESTARTSYS;  
    }  
  
    if(count < sizeof(dev->val)) {  
        goto out;  
    }          
  
    /*将寄存器val的值拷贝到用户提供的缓冲区*/  
    if(copy_to_user(buf, &(dev->val), sizeof(dev->val))) {  
        err = -EFAULT;  
        goto out;  
    }  
  
    err = sizeof(dev->val);  
  
out:  
    up(&(dev->sem));  
    return err;  
}  
  
/*写设备的寄存器值val*/  
static ssize_t vp_write(struct file* filp, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t* f_pos) {  
    struct vp_android_dev* dev = filp->private_data;  
    ssize_t err = 0;          
  
    /*同步访问*/  
    if(down_interruptible(&(dev->sem))) {  
        return -ERESTARTSYS;          
    }          
  
    if(count != sizeof(dev->val)) {  
        goto out;          
    }          
  
    /*将用户提供的缓冲区的值写到设备寄存器去*/  
    if(copy_from_user(&(dev->val), buf, count)) {  
        err = -EFAULT;  
        goto out;  
    }  
  
    err = sizeof(dev->val);  
  
out:  
    up(&(dev->sem));  
    return err;  
}  


/*******************************************
*define devfs access
*******************************************/
/*读取寄存器lamp的值到缓冲区buf中,内部使用*/  
static ssize_t __vp_get_lamp(struct vp_android_dev* dev, char* buf) {  
    int lamp = 0;          
  
    /*同步访问*/  
    if(down_interruptible(&(dev->sem))) {                  
        return -ERESTARTSYS;          
    }          
  
    lamp = dev->lamp;          
    up(&(dev->sem));          
  
    return snprintf(buf, PAGE_SIZE, "%d\n", lamp);  
}  
  
/*把缓冲区buf的值写到设备寄存器lamp中去,内部使用*/  
static ssize_t __vp_set_lamp(struct vp_android_dev* dev, const char* buf, size_t count) {  
    int lamp = 0;          
  
    /*将字符串转换成数字*/          
    lamp = simple_strtol(buf, NULL, 10);          
  
    /*同步访问*/          
    if(down_interruptible(&(dev->sem))) {                  
        return -ERESTARTSYS;          
    }          
  
    dev->lamp = lamp;          
    up(&(dev->sem));  
  
    return count;  
}  
  
/*读取设备属性lamp*/  
static ssize_t vp_lamp_show(struct device* dev, struct device_attribute* attr, char* buf) {  
    struct vp_android_dev* hdev = (struct vp_android_dev*)dev_get_drvdata(dev);          
  
    return __vp_get_lamp(hdev, buf);  
}  
  
/*写设备属性lamp*/  
static ssize_t vp_lamp_store(struct device* dev, struct device_attribute* attr, const char* buf, size_t count) {   
    struct vp_android_dev* hdev = (struct vp_android_dev*)dev_get_drvdata(dev);    
      
    return __vp_set_lamp(hdev, buf, count);  
}  


/*******************************************
*define proc access
*******************************************/
/*读取设备寄存器lamp的值,保存在page缓冲区中*/  
static ssize_t vp_proc_read(char* page, char** start, off_t off, int count, int* eof, void* data) {  
    if(off > 0) {  
        *eof = 1;  
        return 0;  
    }  
  
    return __vp_get_lamp(vp_dev, page);  
}  
  
/*把缓冲区的值buff保存到设备寄存器lamp中去*/  
static ssize_t vp_proc_write(struct file* filp, const char __user *buff, unsigned long len, void* data) {  
    int err = 0;  
    char* page = NULL;  
  
    if(len > PAGE_SIZE) {  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"The buff is too large: %lu.\n", len);  
        return -EFAULT;  
    }  
  
    page = (char*)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);  
    if(!page) {                  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to alloc page.\n");  
        return -ENOMEM;  
    }          
  
    /*先把用户提供的缓冲区值拷贝到内核缓冲区中去*/  
    if(copy_from_user(page, buff, len)) {  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to copy buff from user.\n");                  
        err = -EFAULT;  
        goto out;  
    }  
  
    err = __vp_set_lamp(vp_dev, page, len);  
  
out:  
    free_page((unsigned long)page);  
    return err;  
}  
  
/*创建/proc/vp文件*/  
static void vp_create_proc(void) {
struct proc_dir_entry *entry;
entry = create_proc_entry(VP_DEVICE_PROC_NAME, 0, NULL);
if(entry)
{
entry->read_proc = vp_proc_read;
entry->write_proc = vp_proc_write;
}
}  
  
/*删除/proc/vp文件*/  
static void vp_remove_proc(void) {  
    remove_proc_entry(VP_DEVICE_PROC_NAME, NULL);  
}  


/*******************************************
*define load and remove function
*******************************************/
/*初始化设备*/  
static int  __vp_setup_dev(struct vp_android_dev* dev) {  
    int err;  
    dev_t devno = MKDEV(vp_major, vp_minor);  
  
    memset(dev, 0, sizeof(struct vp_android_dev));  
  
    cdev_init(&(dev->dev), &vp_fops);  
    dev->dev.owner = THIS_MODULE;  
    dev->dev.ops = &vp_fops;          
  
    /*注册字符设备*/  
    err = cdev_add(&(dev->dev),devno, 1);  
    if(err) {  
        return err;  
    }          
  
    /*初始化信号量和寄存器lamp, val的值*/  
    sema_init(&(dev->sem), 1);  
    dev->lamp = 7777;  
    dev->val.toggle = 1;  
    dev->val.virtual_latitude = 45.104108; 
    dev->val.virtual_longitude = 130.816878; 
 
    return 0;  
}  
  
/*模块加载方法*/  
static int __init vp_init(void){   
    int err = -1;  
    dev_t dev = 0;  
    struct device* temp = NULL;  
  
    printk(KERN_ALERT"Initializing vp device.\n");          
  
    /*动态分配主设备和从设备号*/  
    err = alloc_chrdev_region(&dev, 0, 1, VP_DEVICE_NODE_NAME);  
    if(err < 0) {  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to alloc char dev region.\n");  
        goto fail;  
    }  
  
    vp_major = MAJOR(dev);  
    vp_minor = MINOR(dev);          
  
    /*分配helo设备结构体变量*/  
    vp_dev = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vp_android_dev), GFP_KERNEL);  
    if(!vp_dev) {  
        err = -ENOMEM;  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to alloc vp_dev.\n");  
        goto unregister;  
    }          
  
    /*初始化设备*/  
    err = __vp_setup_dev(vp_dev);  
    if(err) {  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to setup dev: %d.\n", err);  
        goto cleanup;  
    }          
  
    /*在/sys/class/目录下创建设备类别目录vp*/  
    vp_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, VP_DEVICE_CLASS_NAME);  
    if(IS_ERR(vp_class)) {  
        err = PTR_ERR(vp_class);  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to create vp class.\n");  
        goto destroy_cdev;  
    }          
  
    /*在/dev/目录和/sys/class/vp目录下分别创建设备文件vp*/  
    temp = device_create(vp_class, NULL, dev, "%s", VP_DEVICE_FILE_NAME);  
    if(IS_ERR(temp)) {  
        err = PTR_ERR(temp);  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to create vp device.");  
        goto destroy_class;  
    }          
  
    /*在/sys/class/vp/vp目录下创建属性文件val*/  
    err = device_create_file(temp, &dev_attr_val);  
    if(err < 0) {  
        printk(KERN_ALERT"Failed to create attribute val.");                  
        goto destroy_device;  
    }  
  
    dev_set_drvdata(temp, vp_dev);          
  
    /*创建/proc/vp文件*/  
    vp_create_proc();  
  
    printk(KERN_ALERT"Succedded to initialize vp device.\n");  
    return 0;  
  
destroy_device:  
    device_destroy(vp_class, dev);  
  
destroy_class:  
    class_destroy(vp_class);  
  
destroy_cdev:  
    cdev_del(&(vp_dev->dev));  
  
cleanup:  
    kfree(vp_dev);  
  
unregister:  
    unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(vp_major, vp_minor), 1);  
  
fail:  
    return err;  
}  
  
/*模块卸载方法*/  
static void __exit vp_exit(void) {  
    dev_t devno = MKDEV(vp_major, vp_minor);  
  
    printk(KERN_ALERT"Destroy vp device.\n");          
  
    /*删除/proc/vp文件*/  
    vp_remove_proc();          
  
    /*销毁设备类别和设备*/  
    if(vp_class) {  
        device_destroy(vp_class, MKDEV(vp_major, vp_minor));  
        class_destroy(vp_class);  
    }          
  
    /*删除字符设备和释放设备内存*/  
    if(vp_dev) {  
        cdev_del(&(vp_dev->dev));  
        kfree(vp_dev);  
    }          
  
    /*释放设备号*/  
    unregister_chrdev_region(devno, 1);  
}  
  
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");  
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Virtualposition Driver");  
  
module_init(vp_init);  
module_exit(vp_exit);  
添加 Kconfig 文件
config VP
           tristate "Virtual Position Driver"
           default n
           help
           This is the virtual position driver.
添加 Makefile 文件
obj-$(CONFIG_VP) += vp.o
修改 drivers/Kconfig 文件 在menu "Device Drivers"和endmenu之间添加一行:
source "drivers/vp/Kconfig"  
修改drivers/Makefile文件,添加一行:
obj-$(CONFIG_HELLO) += vp/  
修改 arch/arm/configs目录下的cyanogen_cancro_defconfig 文件,在文件末尾加入
# CONFIG_VP
CONFIG_VP=y

=============分割线2==============
第二步,修改HAL
进入 ./hardware/libhardware/include/hardware 目录,新建 vp.h 文件
 #ifndef ANDROID_VP_INTERFACE_H  
#define ANDROID_VP_INTERFACE_H  
#include <hardware/hardware.h>  
__BEGIN_DECLS  
  
/*定义模块ID*/  
#define VP_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID "vp"  


//typedef enum{false, true} bool;


/*define virtual position structrue*/
typedef struct {
    int toggle;
    double virtual_latitude;
    double virtual_longitude;
} VirtualPosition;


/*硬件模块结构体*/  
struct vp_module_t {  
    struct hw_module_t common;  
};  
  
/*硬件接口结构体*/  
struct vp_device_t {  
    struct hw_device_t common;  
    int fd;  
    int (*set_val)(struct vp_device_t* dev, VirtualPosition val);  
    int (*get_val)(struct vp_device_t* dev, VirtualPosition* val);  
};  
  
__END_DECLS  
  
#endif  
进入到 hardware/libhardware/modules 目录,新建vp目录,并添加vp.c文件
#define LOG_TAG "VpStub"  
  
#include <hardware/hardware.h>  
#include <hardware/vp.h>  
#include <fcntl.h>  
#include <errno.h>  
#include <cutils/log.h>  
#include <cutils/atomic.h>  
  
#define DEVICE_NAME "/dev/vp"  
#define MODULE_NAME "Vp"  
#define MODULE_AUTHOR "aggresss@163.com"  
  
/*设备打开和关闭接口*/  
static int vp_device_open(const struct hw_module_t* module, const char* name, struct hw_device_t** device);  
static int vp_device_close(struct hw_device_t* device);  
  
/*设备访问接口*/  
static int vp_set_val(struct vp_device_t* dev, VirtualPosition val);  
static int vp_get_val(struct vp_device_t* dev, VirtualPosition* val);  
  
/*模块方法表*/  
static struct hw_module_methods_t vp_module_methods = {  
    open: vp_device_open  
};  
  
/*模块实例变量*/  
struct vp_module_t HAL_MODULE_INFO_SYM = {  
    common: {  
        tag: HARDWARE_MODULE_TAG,  
        version_major: 1,  
        version_minor: 0,  
        id: VP_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID,  
        name: MODULE_NAME,  
        author: MODULE_AUTHOR,  
        methods: &vp_module_methods,  
    }  
};  




static int vp_device_open(const struct hw_module_t* module, const char* name, struct hw_device_t** device) {  
    struct vp_device_t* dev;dev = (struct vp_device_t*)malloc(sizeof(struct vp_device_t));  
      
    if(!dev) {  
        ALOGE("Vp Stub: failed to alloc space");  
        return -EFAULT;  
    }  
  
    memset(dev, 0, sizeof(struct vp_device_t));  
    dev->common.tag = HARDWARE_DEVICE_TAG;  
    dev->common.version = 0;  
    dev->common.module = (hw_module_t*)module;  
    dev->common.close = vp_device_close;  
    dev->set_val = vp_set_val;dev->get_val = vp_get_val;  
  
    if((dev->fd = open(DEVICE_NAME, O_RDWR)) == -1) {  
        ALOGE("Vp Stub: failed to open /dev/vp -- %s.", strerror(errno));free(dev);  
        return -EFAULT;  
    }  
  
    *device = &(dev->common);  
    ALOGI("Vp Stub: open /dev/vp successfully.");  
  
    return 0;  
}  


static int vp_device_close(struct hw_device_t* device) {  
    struct vp_device_t* vp_device = (struct vp_device_t*)device;  
  
    if(vp_device) {  
        close(vp_device->fd);  
        free(vp_device);  
    }  
      
    return 0;  
}  
  
static int vp_set_val(struct vp_device_t* dev, VirtualPosition val) {  
    ALOGI("Vp Stub: set value %d to device.", val);  
  
    write(dev->fd, &val, sizeof(val));  
  
    return 0;  
}  
  
static int vp_get_val(struct vp_device_t* dev, VirtualPosition* val) {  
    if(!val) {  
        ALOGE("Vp Stub: error val pointer");  
        return -EFAULT;  
    }  
  
    read(dev->fd, val, sizeof(*val));  
  
    ALOGI("Vp Stub: get value %d from device", *val);  
  
    return 0;  
}  
继续在vp目录下新建Android.mk文件:
LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir)
include $(CLEAR_VARS)
LOCAL_MODULE_TAGS := optional
LOCAL_PRELINK_MODULE := false
LOCAL_MODULE_PATH := $(TARGET_OUT_SHARED_LIBRARIES)/hw
LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := liblog
LOCAL_SRC_FILES := vp.c
LOCAL_MODULE := vp.default
include $(BUILD_SHARED_LIBRARY)

=============分割线3==============
第三步,修改JNI
进入 frameworks/base/services/core/jni 目录,新建com_android_server_VirtualPositionService.cpp文件
#define LOG_TAG "VirtualPositionService"  
#include "jni.h"  
#include "JNIHelp.h"  
#include "android_runtime/AndroidRuntime.h"  
#include <utils/misc.h>  
#include <utils/Log.h>  
#include <hardware/hardware.h>  
#include <hardware/vp.h>  
#include <stdio.h>  


namespace android  
{  
    
        VirtualPosition virtual_position = {1, 0.0, 0.0};
    /*在硬件抽象层中定义的硬件访问结构体,参考<hardware/vp.h>*/  
        struct vp_device_t* vp_device = NULL;  
    /*通过硬件抽象层定义的硬件访问接口设置硬件寄存器val的值*/  
        static void vp_setVal() {  
        ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: set value to device.");  
        if(!vp_device) {  
            ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: device is not open.");  
            return;  
        }  
          
        vp_device->set_val(vp_device, virtual_position);  
    }  
        /*通过硬件抽象层定义的硬件访问接口读取硬件寄存器val的值*/  
    static void vp_getVal() {  
        if(!vp_device) {  
            ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: device is not open.");  
        }  
        vp_device->get_val(vp_device, &virtual_position);  
          
        ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: get value from device.");  
    }  
        /*通过硬件抽象层定义的硬件模块打开接口打开硬件设备*/  
    static inline int vp_device_open(const hw_module_t* module, struct vp_device_t** device) {  
        return module->methods->open(module, VP_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID, (struct hw_device_t**)device);  
    }  
        /*通过硬件模块ID来加载指定的硬件抽象层模块并打开硬件*/  
    static jboolean vp_init(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz) {  
        vp_module_t* module;  
          
        ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: initializing......");  
        if(hw_get_module(VP_HARDWARE_MODULE_ID, (const struct hw_module_t**)&module) == 0) {  
            ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: vp Stub found.");  
            if(vp_device_open(&(module->common), &vp_device) == 0) {  
                ALOGI("VirtualPosition JNI: vp device is open.");  
                return 0;  
            }  
            ALOGE("VirtualPosition JNI: failed to open vp device.");  
            return -1;  
        }  
        ALOGE("VirtualPosition JNI: failed to get vp stub module.");  
        return -1;        
    }  
    
    static void android_server_VirtualPositionService_set_virtual_toggle(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz, jint tog)
    {
        virtual_position.toggle = tog;
        vp_setVal();
    }


    static jint android_server_VirtualPositionService_get_virtual_toggle(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz)
    {
        vp_getVal();
        return virtual_position.toggle;
    }


    static void android_server_VirtualPositionService_set_virtual_latitude(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz, jdouble vlat)
    {
        virtual_position.virtual_latitude = vlat;
        vp_setVal();
    }


    static jdouble android_server_VirtualPositionService_get_virtual_latitude(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz)
    {
        vp_getVal();
        return virtual_position.virtual_latitude;
    }


    static void android_server_VirtualPositionService_set_virtual_longitude(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz, jdouble vlon)
    {
        virtual_position.virtual_longitude = vlon;
        vp_setVal();
    }


    static jdouble android_server_VirtualPositionService_get_virtual_longitude(JNIEnv* env, jclass clazz)
    {
        vp_getVal();
        return virtual_position.virtual_longitude;
    }






    /*JNI方法表*/  
    static const JNINativeMethod method_table[] = {  
        {"init_native",
            "()Z", 
            (void*)vp_init},  
        {"native_set_virtual_toggle",
            "(I)V",
            (void*)android_server_VirtualPositionService_set_virtual_toggle},
        {"native_get_virtual_toggle",
            "()I",
            (void*)android_server_VirtualPositionService_get_virtual_toggle},
        {"native_set_virtual_latitude",
            "(D)V",
            (void*)android_server_VirtualPositionService_set_virtual_latitude},
        {"native_get_virtual_latitude",
            "()D",
            (void*)android_server_VirtualPositionService_get_virtual_latitude},
        {"native_set_virtual_longitude",
            "(D)V",
            (void*)android_server_VirtualPositionService_set_virtual_longitude},
        {"native_get_virtual_longitude",
            "()D",
            (void*)android_server_VirtualPositionService_get_virtual_longitude},


    };  
        /*注册JNI方法*/  
    int register_android_server_VirtualPositionService(JNIEnv *env) {  
            return jniRegisterNativeMethods(env, "com/android/server/VirtualPositionService", method_table, NELEM(method_table));  
    }  
};  
修改同目录下的onload.cpp文件,首先在namespace android增加com_android_server_VirtualPositionService函数声明:
namespace android {  
  
    ..............................................................................................  
  
    int register_android_server_VirtualPositionService(JNIEnv *env);  
  
    };  
在JNI_onLoad增加register_android_server_VirtualPositionService函数调用:
extern "C" jint JNI_onLoad(JavaVM* vm, void* reserved)  
   {  
    .................................................................................................  
    register_android_server_VirtualPositionService(env);  
    .................................................................................................  
   }  
修改同目录下的Android.mk文件,在LOCAL_SRC_FILES变量中增加一行:
LOCAL_SRC_FILES:= \  
      com_android_server_AlarmManagerService.cpp \  
      com_android_server_BatteryService.cpp \  
      com_android_server_InputManager.cpp \  
      com_android_server_LightsService.cpp \  
      com_android_server_PowerManagerService.cpp \  
      com_android_server_SystemServer.cpp \  
      com_android_server_UsbService.cpp \  
      com_android_server_VibratorService.cpp \  
      com_android_server_location_GpsLocationProvider.cpp \  
      com_android_server_VirtualPositionService.cpp \ 
      onload.cpp  

=============分割线4==============
第四步,修改Framework
进入到frameworks/base/core/java/android/os目录,新增VirtualPositionService.aidl接口定义文件
package android.os;


interface IVirtualPositionService {
    void setVirtualToggle(int tog);
    int getVirtualToggle();
    void setVirtualLatitude(double vlat);
    double getVirtualLatitude();
    void setVirtualLongitude(double vlon);
    double getVirtualLongitude();
}
然后进入 frameworks/base目录,打开Android.mk文件,修改LOCAL_SRC_FILES变量的值,增加IVirtualPosition.aidl源文件:
LOCAL_SRC_FILES += /
....................................................................
core/java/android/os/IVibratorService.aidl /
core/java/android/os/IVirtualPosition.aidl /
core/java/android/service/urlrenderer/IUrlRendererService.aidl /
.....................................................................
进入到frameworks/base/services/java/com/android/server目录,新增VirtualPositionService.java文件
package com.android.server;  
import android.content.Context;  
import android.os.IVirtualPositionService;  
import android.util.Slog;  


public class VirtualPositionService extends IVirtualPositionService.Stub {  
    private static final String TAG = "VirtualPositionService";  
    VirtualPositionService() {  
        init_native();  
    }  
    public void setVirtualToggle(int tog) {
        native_set_virtual_toggle(tog);
    }


    public int getVirtualToggle(){
        return native_get_virtual_toggle();
    }


    public void setVirtualLatitude(double vlat) {
        native_set_virtual_latitude(vlat);
    }


    public double getVirtualLatitude(){
        return native_get_virtual_latitude();
    }


    public void setVirtualLongitude(double vlon) {
        native_set_virtual_longitude(vlon);
    }


    public double getVirtualLongitude() {
        return native_get_virtual_longitude();
    }
    
    private static native boolean init_native();
    private static native void native_set_virtual_toggle(int tog);
    private static native int native_get_virtual_toggle();
    private static native void native_set_virtual_latitude(double vlat);
    private static native double native_get_virtual_latitude();
    private static native void native_set_virtual_longitude(double vlon);
    private static native double native_get_virtual_longitude();


};  
修改同目录的SystemServer.java文件,在ServerThread::run函数中增加加载VirtualPositionService的代码:


@Override
public void run() {
....................................................................................
try {
Slog.i(TAG, "DiskStats Service");
ServiceManager.addService("diskstats", new DiskStatsService(context));
} catch (Throwable e) {
Slog.e(TAG, "Failure starting DiskStats Service", e);
}
try {
Slog.i(TAG, "VirtualPosition Service");
ServiceManager.addService("virtualposition", new VirtualPositionService());
} catch (Throwable e) {
Slog.e(TAG, "Failure starting VirtualPosition Service", e);
}
......................................................................................
} 
然后需要修改sepolicy文件,具体的文件在github上,请下载使用。


=============分割线5==============
第五步,修改application
APP的文件比较多,请到github上下载,这里只贴具体的逻辑代码:
package com.example.phdemo.myapplication;


import android.os.RemoteException;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.ServiceManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.CompoundButton;
import android.os.IVirtualPositionService;
import android.os.RemoteException;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.ToggleButton;
import android.widget.CompoundButton.OnCheckedChangeListener;


public class MainActivity extends Activity implements View.OnClickListener {


    private final static String LOG_TAG = "com.example.phdemo.virtualposition";


    private IVirtualPositionService virtualpositionService = null;
private ToggleButton toggleButton = null;
private EditText altitudeValueText = null;
    private EditText longitudeValueText = null;
    private Button getButton = null;
    private Button setButton = null;
    private Button clearButton = null;


    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);


        virtualpositionService = IVirtualPositionService.Stub.asInterface(
                ServiceManager.getService("virtualposition"));


        toggleButton=(ToggleButton)findViewById(R.id.toggleButton);
altitudeValueText = (EditText)findViewById(R.id.altitude_value);
longitudeValueText = (EditText)findViewById(R.id.longitude_value);
        getButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button_get);
        setButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button_set);
        clearButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button_clear);
        
        getButton.setOnClickListener(this);
        setButton.setOnClickListener(this);
        clearButton.setOnClickListener(this);
   
        try{ 
        int val_tog = virtualpositionService.getVirtualToggle();
            if(val_tog == 1){
                toggleButton.setChecked(true);
            }else{
                toggleButton.setChecked(false);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {}


        toggleButton.setOnCheckedChangeListener(new OnCheckedChangeListener(){
public void onCheckedChanged(CompoundButton buttonView,boolean isChecked) {
toggleButton.setChecked(isChecked);
try{
                    virtualpositionService.setVirtualToggle(isChecked?1:0);
                }catch(Exception e){}
}
});
        Log.i(LOG_TAG, "VirtualPosition Activity Created");
    }


    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        if(v.equals(getButton)) {
            try {
                double val_altitude = virtualpositionService.getVirtualLatitude();
                String text_altitude = String.valueOf(val_altitude);
                altitudeValueText.setText(text_altitude);
double val_longitude = virtualpositionService.getVirtualLongitude();
                String text_longitude = String.valueOf(val_longitude);
                longitudeValueText.setText(text_longitude);
int val_tog = virtualpositionService.getVirtualToggle();
                if(val_tog == 1){
                    toggleButton.setChecked(true);
                }else{
                    toggleButton.setChecked(false);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e(LOG_TAG, "Remote Exception while reading value from GpsLocationProvider.");
            }
        }
        else if(v.equals(setButton)) {
            try {
                String text_altitude = altitudeValueText.getText().toString();
String text_longitude = longitudeValueText.getText().toString();
                double val_altitude = Double.parseDouble(text_altitude);
double val_longitude = Double.parseDouble(text_longitude);
                virtualpositionService.setVirtualLatitude(val_altitude);
virtualpositionService.setVirtualLongitude(val_longitude);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e(LOG_TAG, "Remote Exception while writing value to GpsLocationProvider.");
            }
        }
        else if(v.equals(clearButton)) {
            String text = "";
            altitudeValueText.setText(text);
longitudeValueText.setText(text);
        }
    }
}

=============分割线6==============
最后一步,在JNI层面修改location report 机制。
进入 frameworks/base/services/core/jni 目录,修改com_android_server_location_GpsLocationProvider.cpp文件:
在全局变量部分加入
// add by aggresss
static int vp_fd = open("/dev/vp", O_RDWR); 
static VirtualPosition vp_val;
修改location_callback函数:
static void location_callback(GpsLocation* location)
{
    JNIEnv* env = AndroidRuntime::getJNIEnv();
    //add by aggresss
    read(vp_fd, &vp_val, sizeof(VirtualPosition));
    if(vp_val.toggle  == 1){
    env->CallVoidMethod(mCallbacksObj, method_reportLocation, location->flags,
            (jdouble)vp_val.virtual_latitude, (jdouble)vp_val.virtual_longitude,
            (jdouble)location->altitude,
            (jfloat)location->speed, (jfloat)location->bearing,
            (jfloat)location->accuracy, (jlong)location->timestamp);
    checkAndClearExceptionFromCallback(env, __FUNCTION__);
    }
    else{
    env->CallVoidMethod(mCallbacksObj, method_reportLocation, location->flags,
            (jdouble)location->latitude, (jdouble)location->longitude,
            (jdouble)location->altitude,
            (jfloat)location->speed, (jfloat)location->bearing,
            (jfloat)location->accuracy, (jlong)location->timestamp);
    checkAndClearExceptionFromCallback(env, __FUNCTION__);
    }
}

=============我是完成的分割线==============
完成后,重新编译固件,开机后启动VirtualPosition的APP,设置你想要的坐标,想在哪就在哪了。
        
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